Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Rather than dealing with this project, which supports Turkic separatist ideals in Iran, Tehran decided on pan-Islamic optics and continually congratulated and praised Azerbaijan’s capture of historically-demographically-culturally Armenian territories ... All these lands should be given back to Azerbaijan.”.
Azerbaijan ensured its ... This includes extensive mining; the deliberate destruction and misappropriation of Azerbaijan’s historical, cultural and religious heritage; plundering of natural resources; destruction of infrastructure; and other violations of international law.
(c) AzerbaijanPresidentPress Office/TASS/Alamy LiveNews... Nagorno-Karabakh has never been accepted as a party to contend with in Azerbaijan ... While the mainstream opposition either tries to devalue Aliyev’s victory or criticise the Russian peacekeeping mission, populist parties make Azerbaijan’s political culture only more toxic.
"Rather than protect cultural heritage, UNESCO's corruption has made it a catalyst for destruction ... "In Afghanistan, the Taliban seek systematically to erase Afghanistan's cultural heritage ... "Beginning in 1949, Communist China systematically destroyed more than 6,000 monasteries and much of Tibet's cultural heritage.
... destroy, erase and falsify Armenian cultural heritage in the region ... hostages, measures to protect Armenian culture and dignity and an order to close the Military TrophiesPark, which has been heavily criticized as an crude means of depicting Azerbaijan’s victory.
Azerbaijan’s flag carrier has made ...PresidentIlham Aliyev laid the foundation for the Fuzuli airport on January 14, saying it would primarily service Shusha, another city retaken by Azerbaijan during the war and which has been since declared the cultural capital of the country.