Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
... cultural relations between Russia and Armenia ... Dumanyan told the visiting delegation that Russia’s support is important in advancing the protection of Armenian historic and cultural heritage that has is currently under the control of Azerbaijan as a consequence of the 44-day war.
Iran’s Azeri community, which enjoys numerous historical, linguistic, and cultural ties with Azerbaijan, could fall prey to unprecedented state repression—even though Iranian Azeris rarely embrace ethnic secessionism ... the staff of various law enforcement agencies” in Azerbaijan.
The conflict prompted neighbouring Turkey, which shares close cultural and linguistic ties with Azerbaijan, to sever relations and close its borders with Armenia in 1993... Mammadov said that for Azerbaijan, although conditions would have to be met along the way, normalisation also fits the overall long-term outlook.
"Armenia must bear responsibility for the crimes committed against the people, state, culture, history of Azerbaijan," he said ... He said that Armenia adopted "ethnic" and "cultural" cleansing policies against Azerbaijan for 30 years, seeking to erase traces of Azerbaijanis by systematically destroying its cultural and historical presence.
After Armenia’s claim was made public Azerbaijan filed a counterclaim accusing Armenia of violating the anti-discrimination treaty ... Lawyers for Armenia accused Azerbaijan’s authorities of fostering ethic hatred and a culture where murder and torture of ethnic Armenians were “systematic”.
Both of the former Soviet republics, who battled for six weeks late last year over Azerbaijan’s breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, have lodged separate cases at the ICJ... Lawyers for Armenia accused Azerbaijan’s authorities of fostering ethnic hatred and a culture where murder and torture of ethnic Armenians were “systematic”.
AzerbaijanTourism Board (ATB) kicked off its participation at Expo 2020 Dubai... We have been able to unlock the full potential of Azerbaijan’s diverse natural and cultural offerings, as well as the talent and resilience of its people”, said Sengstschmid. .
The EU-funded project is coordinated by SlowFood, a global, grassroots organisation founded in 1989 to prevent the disappearance of local food cultures and traditions, in partnership with the AzerbaijanTourism Board... help preserve the region’s gastronomic and cultural heritage.
Emphasizing cultural and religious commonalities between Azerbaijan and Iran as big assets to help manage political issues, Amirabdollahian ruled out foreign intervention and media hype, which attempt to portray an unrealistic image of the situation.
“A year after the aggression unleashed by Azerbaijan against Artsakh, the fate of nearly 1500 historical-cultural heritage and worship sites, as well as thousands of museum exhibits in the territories of Artsakh, which came under the Azerbaijani control, remains uncertain and in danger.
It also emphasizes the “preservation of the city's historic magnificence.” The city is regarded by Azerbaijanis as their cultural capital in Karabakh, and has been the home of many of Azerbaijan’s great musicians, poets, and other artists ... The city has since become the focus of Azerbaijan’s reconstruction efforts in the newly retaken territories.